[ 290OPCHIOCV18 ] VL Introduction to Organic Chemistry

Es ist eine neuere Version 2024W dieser LV im Curriculum Master's programme Artificial Intelligence 2024W vorhanden.
Workload Education level Study areas Responsible person Hours per week Coordinating university
3 ECTS B1 - Bachelor's programme 1. year Chemistry Norbert Müller 2 hpw Johannes Kepler University Linz
Detailed information
Original study plan Bachelor's programme Chemistry 2018W
Objectives This lecture introduces the students to the basic structural concepts and bonding and electronic principles of organic compounds as well as the systematic nomenclature of these compounds.
  • Atoms, molecules, bonding, polar and nonpolar molecules, intermolecular forces, solubilities, Lewis structures, preliminary ideas of resonance, arrow formalism, acids and bases.
  • Introduction to orbitals, molecular orbital description of bonding, hybridization, structure of methane.
  • Alkanes- conformational analysis, structural isomerism and nomenclature, alkyl groups.
  • Alkenes- structure and bonding, nomenclature, E-Z notation, hydrogenation, relative stabilities. Alkynes- structure and bonding, relative stabilities, double and triple bonds in rings.
  • Dienes and the allyl system, conjugation, introduction to the concept of aromaticity. UV spectroscopy.
  • Stereochemistry- chirality, enantiomerism, R-S notation, diastereomerism, optical resolution.
  • Ring systems- strain, stereochemistry of cyclohexane, conformational analysis of cyclohexane and its substituted derivatives, bicyclic and polycyclic compounds.
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.
  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy.
  • Alkyl halides, substitution reactions of alkyl halides- SN 2 and SN 1 mechanisms. Elimination reactions- E1 and E2 mechanisms.
  • Overview of substitution and elimination reactions, oxidation of alcohols, rates and equilibria, syntheses.
  • Acids and bases revisited. Additions to alkenes- mechanism of hydrogen halide additions, regiochemistry, resonance effects, carbocation stabilities, addition of other unsymmetrical reagents, hydroboration, dimerization and polymerization of alkenes.
  • Carbocation rearrangements, addition of halogens to alkenes, oxymercuration, epoxidation and chemistry of oxiranes, cyclopropanation, carbenes, ozonolysis, alkene oxidations with permanganate and osmium tetroxide, addition reactions of alkynes.
Criteria for evaluation Positive Evaluation of the final written exam.
Methods A combination of powerpoint (as well as handouts for the students) and examples and details written on the blackboard
Language German or English
Study material
  • Introduction to Strategies for Organic Synthesis, Laurie S. Starkey. JohnWiley & Sons, Hoboken,2012. 360 S., Broschur ,43.90E.—ISBN 978-0470484098
  • Organic Chemistry, Clayden, Greeves, Warren, ISBN 978-3-642-34715-3
  • Organic chemistry: structure and function. Vollhardt, K. Peter C. — 5th ed. / K. Peter C. Vollhardt, Neil E. Schore. ISBN 0-7167-9949-9
Changing subject? No
Corresponding lecture in collaboration with 290OPCHOC1V18: VL Organic Chemistry 1 (4,5 ECTS) equivalent to
TCBPCVOORC1: VO Organische Chemie I (5,2 ECTS)


in collaboration with 663ORCHOCHV18: VL Organic Chemistry 1 for Biological Chemistry (4,5 ECTS) equivalent to
BCBPOVOORCH: VO Organic Chemistry 1 (5,2 ECTS)
On-site course
Maximum number of participants -
Assignment procedure Direct assignment